Germany

Germany is Europe’s most industrialized and populous country. Famed for its technological achievements, it has also produced some of Europe’s most celebrated composers, philosophers and poets. QUICK FACTS: OFFICIAL NAME: Federal Republic of Germany FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal republic CAPITAL: Berlin POPULATION: 82,422,299 OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: German MONEY: Euro AREA: 134,838 square miles (349,223 square kilometers) […]

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Russia

Russia – the largest country on earth in terms of surface area – emerged from a decade of post-Soviet economic and political turmoil to reassert itself as a world power. QUICK FACTS: Official Name: Russian Federation Form of Government: Federation Capital: Moscow Population: 142,470,272 Official Language: Russian Money: Ruble Area: 6,592,772 square miles (17,075,200 square kilometers) […]

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The United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is made up of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It has a long history as a major player in international affairs and fulfils an important role in the EU, UN and Nato. QUICK FACTS: OFFICIAL NAME: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Constitutional monarchy with parliamentary government […]

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FRANCE

France is known the world over for its cuisine, fashion, culture and language. It is the most visited tourist destination in the world. QUICK FACTS: OFFICIAL NAME: French Republic FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Republic CAPITAL: Paris POPULATION: 66,259,012 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French PRESIDENT: Francois Hollande PRIME-MINISTER: Manuel Valls MONEY: Euro AREA: 210,026 square miles (543,965 square kilometers) MAJOR MOUNTAIN […]

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Iceland

A sparsely-populated North Atlantic island, Iceland is famous for its hot springs, geysers and active volcanoes. Lava fields cover much of the land and hot water is pumped from under the ground to supply much of the country’s heating. QUICK FACTS: OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Iceland FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Constitutional republic CAPITAL: Reykjavík POPULATION: 317,000 […]

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IRELAND

Ireland emerged from the conflict that marked its birth as an independent state to become one of Europe’s economic success stories in the final decade of the twentieth century. QUICK FACTS: OFFICIAL NAME: Ireland FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Constitutional Democracy CAPITAL: Dublin POPULATION: 4,832,765 MONEY: Euro OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Irish/English CHIEF OF STATE: President Michael D. HIGGINS (since […]

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CANADA

Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia. However, its population is only about one-fifth of Russia’s. QUICK FACTS: OFFICIAL NAME: Canada FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal parliamentary state CAPITAL: Ottawa POPULATION: 34,834,841 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, French HEAD OF STATE: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by a Governor-General PRIME MINISTER: Stephen Harper MONEY: Canadian dollar AREA: […]

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